In fact, Tottenham Hotspur has a total of 4 stadiums, but only the Tottenham Hotspur Stadium is still in use and is the newest stadium. Tottenham Marshes: 1882-1888, Northumberland Park: 1888-1899, White Hart Lane: 1899-2017, Tottenham Hotspur Stadium: 2019- present.
Tottenham’s early games were played on public land at the Tottenham Marshes. But as their games became more popular with the public, the club decided to move to a closed venue to keep spectators under control by charging an entry fee.
In 1888, the club leased a pitch at As Springs Farm, next to the Northumberland Park railway line. However, elite clubs underestimate their influence and venues quickly become overcrowded. So, the club tried to find another venue.
In 1899, the club moved to a piece of land behind the White Hart Bar, which became the venue for the White Hart Lane Stadium. In 1905, the club acquired freehold rights to the land. By 1934, the stadium could hold nearly 80,000 people. But gradually, the seats replaced the standing areas, and the capacity was gradually reduced. Fortunately, important standing areas still exist, including the stand-up terrace dubbed “The Shelf” in the East Stand, which is popular with fans. Beginning in the early 1980s, White Hart Lane was redeveloped, and it was later converted into a full-seat stadium. By the time the renovation was completed in 1998, the stadium’s capacity had been reduced to about 36,000.
The Tottenham Hotspur Stadium is the home of Premier League club Tottenham Hotspur in north London. With a capacity of 62,850, it is the third-largest football stadium in England and the largest club venue in London. It was conceived in 2007, but after several revisions due to controversy and delays, construction of the stadium did not begin until 2015. It opened on April 3, 2019, with a ceremony before the first Premier League game there. Furthermore, it was designed as a multipurpose stadium with the world’s first divided, retractable football pitch.
The name ‘Tottenham Hotspur Stadium’ was meant to be temporary in order to sell the naming rights to sponsors, but it has not changed its name until now. So sometimes, the stadium is called New White Hart Lane by fans and some media.
As shown, the stadium is an asymmetrical bowl, designed to maximise reception facilities. The stadium is about 48 m high, the north-south axis is 250 m long, and the east-west width is about 200 m. Above the basement, the horseshoe-shaped northern section has 9 floors and the southern section has 5 floors, with a total internal area of 119,945 square meters, which is about four times as large. The stadium covers an area of 43,000 square meters, almost twice the size (24,000 square meters). The main body of the structure occupies the perimeter area, but the appearance of the building volume is modulated by different cladding of glass, sheet metal and precast concrete. The perforated metal panels act as screens to provide natural ventilation and lighting to the stadium’s open plant areas, and they also act as a unifying sculptural element of the stadium’s exterior. Glazed areas not covered by metal screens include the main entrance and lobby, offices, sky lounge, and an expansive glazed area to the south with views into and out of the stadium. The metal panels may be in an open or closed position, and they are lined with LED lights that glow on game night.
The building’s appearance is modulated by different cladding of glass, metal panels, and precast concrete. Perforated metal panels act as screens but provide natural ventilation and lighting for the stadium’s open plant areas. The roof is a cable-net structure held in place by an oval compression ring. There are also two facade video displays outside the venue, three layers of LED ribbon displays inside, and nearly 1,800 video screens in and around the venue. There is also a surprising design: Considering the good acoustics, the stadium is designed like a concert hall. Various designs result in crisper and higher-quality reverb, and louder, longer-lasting vocals when fans sing in sync.